Jiang, Meijie (2021), "China networking the world: a network approach of the Chinese strategies in normative shaping", in García, C., Ibáñez, J. and Pareja, P. (eds) Actores regionales y normas globales: la Unión Europea y los BRICS como actores normativos, Tirant lo Blanc, pp. 204-209.
Abstract: With the rise of BRICS countries, more scholarly production has emerged arguing that emerging economies are now playing significant norm-making or norm-shaping roles in world politics. However, there is still a gap in the existing literature about how rising powers promote alternative ideas, rules and norms in an increasingly complex normative environment. In this paper, I will contribute to this debate by drawing on Daniel Flemes’s typology of foreign policy networks: mediation, advocacy and substitution networks. From network perspective, this paper focus particularly on Chinese strategy in accepting and shaping norms and rules within the different foreign policy networks in three issue areas: security, climate change and economic cooperation. The study shows that various foreign policy networks are able to consolidate emerging powers’ roles as norm-makers in international system while guarantee a maximum flexibility. In addition, China plays a more prominent role in low politics such as economic and financial area where foreign policy networks have greater formalization, while in contrast, in high politics such as security and humanitarianism, China is less influential and involved in informal and flexible foreign policy networks.
Keywords: China, network, foreign policy, norm-making, BRICS
Jiang, Meijie (2022), What drives Chinese FDI in Latin America?: An empirical study based on macro political economy, Shangxun, 264(02): 1-4. doi:CNKI:SUN:SYJW.0.2022-02-001.
Abstract: Since the 21st century, Chinese OFDI has been growing rapidly, and China has become a major source of investment in Latin America. However, there is no consensus in the existing literature on how the political and economic institutional factors of host countries affect Chinese investment. Using panel data on China's FDI stock in 33 Latin American countries between 1996 and 2018, this article examines how institutional factors, measured by Global Governance Indicators and Economic Freedom Indicators, affect Chinese FDI in the region using an extended gravity model.
Keywords: Latin America; China; outward FDI; gravity model; global governance; macroeconomics.
Jiang, Meijie (2021), "Evolving China in the global climate norm-making: development models, national roles and international contexts", Spanish Yearbook of International Law, Vol. 25, pp. 110-118, DOI: 10.17103/sybil.25.6.
Abstract: As the world’s second largest economy and largest emitter of greenhouse gases, China’s participation in global climate governance has gained worldwide attention and has been under closer international scrutiny. This paper aims to understand China’s motivations and underlying forces that have driven its positions, practices and choices in this regard, particularly when negotiating and complying with the UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. For this end, the article focuses on the changes and continuities of China in the evolving international climate norm-making. I argue that China’s roles and engagement in the processes have been fundamentally shaped by development patterns, perception of national roles, and international contexts. The paper concludes that based on social, political and economic conditions, a mutual understanding and learning between China and other countries can reveal insights on global governance in the future.
Keywords: China, global climate governance, norm-making, UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, development, national role, international politics
Jiang, Meijie (2021), "Chinese relations with the Global South: evidences from Latin America", China before a world in crisis, No. 52, IDEES.
Abstract: Over the past decades, China has significantly enhanced its national strength and arisen as the second largest economy in the world. Meanwhile, Beijing has become enthusiastic for developing South-South relations through bilateral and multilateral mechanisms. This paper looks into the changes and continuities of Sino-Latin American relations to observe Chinese strategic calculations and motivations behind China´s engagement with the Global South. The main findings are: first, the bilateral relations shifted from ideological indifference to economic engagement after China´s Reform and Opending up; second, the commodities boom in the 2000s made China a major tradnig, investing and lending partner of Latin America and helped the region sustain its growth even after the 2008 economic crisis; third, China offers an alternative development cooperation, which is different from Washington Consensus; forth, the current pandemic poses both challenges and opportunities for Sino-Latin American relations in the future.
Keywords: Global South, China, Latin America, economic development
This international conference is an initiative of the Spanish Network of Development Studies, and was held on 8 and 10 June 2022. Under the thematic line of South-South cooperation for development: its new geopolitical and geoeconomic configuration, I did a presentation titled "Do institutional distances matter for Chinese FDI in Latin America?"
In my research, I created an analytical framework integrating political, economic and cultural factors to elucidate how intangible factors impact economic relations between China and Latin America. This will help rethink the conventional thought that smaller institutional distances will attract more investment and understand China's expanding economic power and influence and its implications on both Global South and the world. The main findings are: (1) Chinese investors are indifferent to political and economic differences; (2) cultural distance is significantly and negatively correlated with China's OFDI; (3) the indicators imply the potential struggle for concept definition as well as validity and reliability of the data.
Presentation at the seminar series "La creación de normas globales: entre el cosmopolitismo soft y el resurgir de Westfalia" (2021)
This seminar series tries to analyze and understand the processes of creation and transformation of global norms in a context in which two major trends can be identified: on the one hand, the consolidation of a soft cosmopolitanism in the international community and, on the other hand, a certain return to geopolitics, which can be interpreted as a resurgence of Westfalia.
In one of the seminars, I made a presentation titled "Why do we need soft law in climate governance?" The main findings are: (1) The causes, scope and potential solutions to many international issues are transnational or global. Therefore soft laws offers a more convenient model of norm-making. (2) States (heterogeneity in civilization, culture, political and economic systems) are relevant actors in implementing international norms and mobilizing resources to solve global issues. This does not deny the diversity of the non-state actors or private sectors and their increasingly important functions and roles in norm-making.
How do young people see China? What are their perceptions and expectations vis-à-vis the Asian superpower? What do they make of Xi Jinping’s China image on issues like democracy, human rights, Hong Kong or Taiwan? On Friday 4 June, at 11 AM (CEST), Pablo Pareja, coordinator of IDEES’ magazine special issue on China, will moderate a conversation with three young researchers who have lived and studied in China for the last 10 years. Pareja will ask them about their perceptions on contemporary China, the transformations of the political system, the changes in the Higher Education model or the role of women in Chinese society. The conversation, jointly organized with the Institut Barcelona Estudis Internacionals (IBEI), is part of the monongraphic issue "China Before a World in Crisis".
Click the picture to see the summary of different opinions and the complete video.
The fourth session of the AEPDIRI Seminars on current issues in International Relations, organized within the framework of the Jean Monnet Project that was granted to AEPDIRI (EUGLOBAL), proposes a reflection and academic debate on the role of different regions in the processes construction of global standards, with special attention to the European Union and the so-called BRICS. It took place on February 28, 2020 at Pompeu Fabra University.
In that seminar, I made a presentation on a network analysis of China´s role and function in normative shaping. The main findings are: (1) Network powers consolidate roles as important players in international system while guarantee a maximum flexibility. (2) The network strategy shows Beijing´s increasing willingness and efforts to construct its identity as a normative power. China is able to assert own normative preference along with like-minded countries. (3) China plays more prominent role in low politics such as economic and financial area where foreign policy networks have greater formalization while in high politics such as security and humanitarianism, China is less influential and involved in informal and flexible foreign policy networks.